bed bug

Bed Bugs: How do you check for them?

Detecting bed bugs is not easy because they are small in size and able to hide in tiny, hard to reach spaces. Fortunately, live bed bugs leave signs that they’re around and active. Dark brown or black spots are one such indicator. Dried excrement on infested surfaces and a sweet, musty odor are also signs of bed bug activity.

Know the signs

In order to look for bed bugs, you must first know the signs of their existence. Here are some of the most commons signs of bed bug infestation:

  • Rusty or reddish stains on bed sheets or mattresses caused by crushed bed bugs.
  • Dark spots (about this size: •). This is most likely bed bug excrement and may bleed on the fabric like a marker would.
  • Eggs and eggshells. Egg shells are tiny and pale yellow skins that the nymphs shed as they grow larger.
  • Live bed bugs. If you can see them moving around, then you’ve got them.

Where to Check for Bed Bugs

They don’t call them bed bugs because they live in the tub, so check around the bed, first. You will usually find them near the seams and tags of the mattress and box spring, and in cracks on the bed frame and headboard.

If the room is heavily infested, you may find bed bugs:

  • In the seams of chairs and couches, between cushions, in the folds of curtains.
  • In cabinet and dresser drawer joints.
  • In electrical receptacles and appliances.
  • Under loose wall paper and wall hangings. 
  • At the junction where the wall and the ceiling meet.

Other common locations:

  • Cracks and gaps behind wall outlets.
  • Floor, window and door molding.
  • Where carpet edges meet the wall.

How to check for bed bugs in a hotel room

If you are concerned there might be bed bugs in your hotel room, follow the same examination you would perform at your own home plus the following:

  • Inspect the bedding and furniture when you first arrive and remember to keep your suitcase off the bed.
  • Pull back the bed sheets and blankets and check the mattress and box-spring seams for bugs, especially at the head of the bed. Adults, nymphs, and eggs are visible to the naked eye.
  • Move the bed away from the wall, if possible, and inspect the baseboards.
  • Check upholstered furniture and curtains.
  • Check inside the nightstand drawers … especially the corner sections.
  • Check the wardrobe and dresser drawers BEFORE you unpack your suitcase.

If you have found yourself with a bed bug problem, the best way to remove bed bugs from your home or business is to enlist the help of a pest control professional. Sigma Pest Control specializes in bed bug remediation using a eco-friendly heat treatment process.

Call 540-94-SIGMA to schedule an inspection.

bed bugs

The Benefits of Bed Bug Heat Treatments

Bed bugs are the worst. Bed bugs can move quickly when they sense a threat. Their likely hiding places are usually deep inside wall voids, or a piece of furniture.

Bed bugs can cause nonstop itching and terrible welts, a horrific odor and some victims even experience severe stress and anxiety from having to live in an infested home.

These insects have behavioral patterns that help them avoid all our attempts to exterminate them, but heat treatments combat these natural defense mechanisms.

Bed bugs have three stages in their life cycle: egg, nymph, adult. Standard chemical sprays and over the counter bed bug treatment rarely works because it doesn’t kill the eggs. Only heat will bring an end to the bed bug life cycle.

Watch how heat treatment is applied

Using heat to kill insects provides numerous advantages over alternative pest control methods. Not only is it safer for the pest control operators, but for the occupants of the home as well.

Many homeowners throw their hands up in frustration and start tossing many of their belongings in the trash for a fresh start. But, before you move, and before you throw out your bed, couch, and other furniture, it is important to understand that a heat treatment will get into those hiding places. Heat radiates. There is no place those bugs can hide when confronted with temperatures of 120 °F.  

Benefits of Heat Treatment

Chemicals can be toxic if not properly ventilated or if proper application procedures are not followed. Heat treatments, however, will not lead to any long-term health side effects.

Heat treatments are performed only once (for low to mid-level infestations), to efficiently kill all insect life stages – from egg to adult – whereas chemicals typically require multiple treatments over an extended time period.

Insects often seek shelter in small cracks and crevices. Do it yourself treatments often miss these well-hidden areas. Heat treatment, however, can easily find, and penetrate, the hard to reach spaces in the home.

Computers track temperatures throughout the entire treatment process. A detailed report is generated at the conclusion of the treatment.

heat treatment

The Final Word ...

Bed bugs have a thermal death point, and when exposed to temperatures over 120 degrees Fahrenheit for an extended period, the entire population of bed bugs at all life stages (including eggs) are eliminated. Sigma Pest Control are your licensed and trained heat treatment experts. Our Bed Bug Control program is your answer to a bed bug free home. Call today for a FREE inspection and consultation – (540) 94-SIGMA.

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bed bug

Bed Bugs: What do they look like?

What to look for, and how to respond, if you have Bed Bugs.

The younger the Bed Bug, the more difficult they are to spot. Full grown adults are about the size of a tick, flat, oval-shaped and medium brown. Adult bed bugs can grow up to 7 mm in length, while babies can be as small as 1.5 mm. Adult bed bugs are reddish brown in color, appearing redder after feeding, while young bed bugs are clear in color and become bright red after eating.

What to look for:

A bed bug’s body consists of a head, thorax, abdomen, and six legs. They also have wings (though they don’t fly), short hairs, a beak, and antennae. They can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings so you better pay attention.

Bed bugs are quite fruitful and can multiply rapidly. Don’t be fooled by the name either (bed bug), they aren’t assigned to just your bed. Bed bugs are found in just about everything. The most common places are beds, furniture & upholstery, luggage, electronics, pictures frames, carpet, and electrical outlets.

Bed bugs feed mostly on human blood, usually biting during the night when they are the most active. A single feeding can take up to 12 minutes, and they don’t mind traveling short distances to feast. Bed bugs secrete an odor through their glands often identified as both musty and sweet. Bed bugs leave behind reddish or rust-looking spots and yellow exoskeletons in their hiding places. These are remnants of previous meals and crushed bugs.

Bed bugs are nocturnal, but they will come out during the
day when desperate for food or in the event of an infestation. Bed bugs usually
nest in areas where people live, and they will hitch-a-ride on items like
backpacks and purses, thus spreading from home to home.

Bed bugs do not like extreme heat or cold. Common bed bugs will die when their body temperature is higher than 113°F or lower than 46°F; some tropical species can survive in higher temperatures.

I found bed bugs in my home ... now what?

Don’t delay, call a Pest Control Expert, someone trained and certified in Integrated Pest Management. Call Sigma Pest Control. We specialize in Heat Treatment as a guaranteed way to rid your home of bed bugs.

bed bugs

Do It Yourself bed bug treatments may reduce the bed bug population, but not all bed bugs can be killed in a single spray treatment. As a matter of fact, most bed bug pesticides do not kill the eggs. If you don’t kill the egg, then new bed bugs will continue to hatch and more eggs will continue to be laid. This creates a never-ending cycle of bed bug treatments needing to be perfectly timed to eventually rid your room of all bed bugs.

Don’t miss a spot either. Chemical treatments, if administered incorrectly, or at the wrong time, force the remaining bed bugs to move from the treated rooms to safer rooms. Next thing you know, you have a bed bug infestation in multiple rooms throughout your home.

The Final Word ...

Many homeowners throw their hands up in frustration and start tossing many of their belongings in the trash for a fresh start. But, before you move, and before you throw out your bed, couch, and other furniture, it is important to understand that a heat treatment will get into those hiding places. Heat radiates. There is no place those bugs can hide when confronted with temperatures of 120 °F.

Sigma Pest Control are your licensed and trained heat treatment experts. Our Bed Bug Control program is your answer to a bed bug free home. Call today for a FREE inspection and consultation – (540) 94-SIGMA.

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bed bug

Bed Bugs – They’re Back

Bed bugs are everywhere this year. They’re in your clothes, bags, bedding, and mattresses. As a matter of fact, they can be found throughout your entire home, laying thousands of eggs along the way. But why are they so pervasive this year?

Part of the problem is that bed bugs are developing a resistance to pesticides. The life cycle of the bed bug is so short, and they reproduce so quickly, that over time they develop a defense to the pesticides. For example, bed bugs have developed a thicker skin to protect them from pesticides. In addition, bed bugs have developed genetic mutation that gives them resistance to DDT.

Last year, New York City reported over 11,000 complaints of bed bugs. A Rutgers study found that in New Jersey, 1 in 8 low-income apartments had infestations. One female bed bug can create 300 adults and 1,000 new eggs in three months-time.

Because bed bugs reproduce so quickly, most people don’t realize they have them until it is too late. The stigma that comes with bed bug infestation is another reason bed bugs have made a comeback. The traditional store-bought remedies don’t work, especially on an infestation. And the cost of hiring a professional is not something everyone can afford. As a result, they try to hide the fact that they have them. As a result, their bed bugs become your bed bugs. Traveling from house-to-house in our clothes and bags.

Bed Bug Control

Yes, bed bugs are back, but that doesn’t mean you have to live with them. When it comes to bed bugs, the best offense is a good defense. A Bed Bug Control solution, using Thermal Remediation, and a licensed Integrated Pest Management professional, is your best bet against bed bug infestation. Call Sigma Pest Control at (540) 94-SIGMA and schedule your free inspection today.

The Final Word ...

Do It Yourself bed bug treatments may reduce the bed bug population, but not all bed bugs can be killed in a single spray treatment. As a matter of fact, most bed bug pesticides do not kill the eggs. If you don’t kill the egg, then new bed bugs will continue to hatch and more eggs will continue to be laid. This creates a never-ending cycle of bed bug treatments needing to be perfectly timed to eventually rid your room of all bed bugs.

Sigma Pest Control are your licensed and trained heat treatment experts. Our Bed Bug Control program is your answer to a bed bug free home. Call today for a FREE inspection and consultation – (540) 94-SIGMA.

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